La planta de la papaya, cuyo nombre científico es Carica Papaya, es originaria de América Central, sin embargo, hoy en día se puede encontrar en todos los países con zonas subtropicales y tropicales.Si bien la papaya es muy fácil de cultivar, se debe tener en cuenta los factores apropiados para que esta pueda producir frutos adecuadamente. The papaya fruit is slightly sweet, with an agreeable musky tang, which is more pronounced in some varieties and in some climates than in others. 670-672-994. [29] Nearly ripe papayas can also be eaten fresh as ensaladang papaya (papaya salad) or cubed, and eaten dipped in vinegar or salt. Esta fruta es rica en vitaminas A, C y en potasio. Diploide 9 pares de cromosomas Descripción Botánica Carica - una especie, papaya, América Cylicomorpha - dos … Papayas became a part of Filipino cuisine after being introduced to the islands via the Manila galleons. The leaves are large, 50–70 cm (20–28 in) in diameter, deeply palmately lobed, with seven lobes. The papaya fruit fly lays its eggs inside of the fruit, possibly up to 100 or more eggs. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Green papaya is used in Southeast Asian cooking, both raw and cooked. The male produces only pollen, never fruit. [5] The first signs of the virus are yellowing and vein-clearing of younger leaves, as well as mottling yellow leaves. The flowers are five-parted and highly dimorphic; the male flowers have the stamens fused to the petals. It is also used in Thai curries, such as kaeng som. The leaves of the papaya fruit turn yellow, gray, or bronze. [5] Papaya is not suitable for gelatin-based desserts because the enzymatic properties of papain prevent gelatin from setting. The fungus phytophthora blight causes damping-off, root rot, stem rot, stem girdling, and fruit rot. [citation needed] The pollen grains are elongated and approximately 35 microns in length. When the larvae mature usually 16 days after being hatched, they eat their way out of the fruit, drop to the ground, and pupate in the soil to emerge within one to two weeks later as mature flies. Rings on the fruit are most likely seen on either the stem end or the blossom end. All parts of the plant contain latex in articulated laticifers. [24], Papayas are one of the most common hosts for fruit flies like A. suspensa, which lay their eggs in overripe or spoiled papayas. The hermaphrodite can self-pollinate since its flowers contain both male stamens and female ovaries. Papaya, (Carica papaya), also called papaw or pawpaw, succulent fruit of a large plant of the family Caricaceae. Temperatures below −2 °C (29 °F) are greatly harmful if not fatal. The very juicy flesh is deep yellow or orange to salmon-coloured. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The papaya plant is considered a tree, though its palmlike trunk, up to 8 metres (26 feet) tall, is not as woody as the designation generally implies. It prefers sandy, well-drained soil, as standing water can kill the plant within 24 hours.[11]. Responder. [36], In traditional medicine, papaya leaves have been used as a treatment for malaria,[37] an abortifacient, a purgative, or smoked to relieve asthma. 23. The female produces small, inedible fruits unless pollinated. [5] The eggs usually hatch within 12 days when they begin to feed on seeds and interior parts of the fruit. [5] It is now included as a component in some powdered meat tenderizers. Las hojas están confinadas en la parte superior del tronco. Because the enzyme papain acts as an allergen in sensitive individuals,[38] meat that has been tenderized with it may induce an allergic reaction. This juice is used in the preparation of various remedies for indigestion and in the manufacture of meat tenderizers. Debido a su exquisito fruto también se le conoce como papaya, papayo, lechosa, melón de palo o fruta bomba. In Indonesian cuisine, the unripe green fruits and young leaves are boiled for use as part of lalab salad, while the flower buds are sautéed and stir-fried with chillies and green tomatoes as Minahasan papaya flower vegetable dish. Sale of Plant. In the later stages of the virus, the markings may become gray and crusty. La papaya es un pequeño árbol de rama escasa con un solo tallo que crece entre 5 y 10 metros. Normally, the species is dioecious, male and female flowers being produced on separate plants, but hermaphroditic forms are known, and numerous irregularities in the distribution of the sexes are common. [23], The fungus anthracnose is known to specifically attack papaya, especially the mature fruits. [4] Its origin is in the tropics of the Americas, perhaps from Central America and southern Mexico. HOME; COMPANY SERVICES; PRODUCTS; OUR TEAM; GALLERY; CONTACT; ENGLISH; IMAGINE THE IMPOSSIBLE IN PAPAYA. Under favourable conditions, a plant may live five years or more. [9], Originally from southern Mexico (particularly Chiapas and Veracruz), Central America, and northern South America,[5] the papaya is now cultivated in most tropical countries. In the early stages of the ringspots, the rings tend to be many closed circles, but as the disease develops, the rings increase in diameter consisting of one large ring. Papaya is cultivated throughout the tropical world and is a popular breakfast fruit in many countries. Along the walls of the large central cavity are attached the numerous round, wrinkled black seeds. [12] Either kind, picked green, is called a "green papaya". [6]:88 It is ripe when it feels soft (as soft as a ripe avocado or softer), its skin has attained an amber to orange hue and along the walls of the large central cavity are attached numerous black seeds. [22], The papaya mosaic virus destroys the plant until only a small tuft of leaves are left. The spider mites spin fine threads of webbing on the host plant, and when they remove the sap, the mesophyll tissue collapses and a small chlorotic spot forms at the feeding sites. [citation needed] The flowers are sweet-scented, open at night, and wind- or insect-pollinated. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Missouri Botanical Garden - Carica papaya, University of Florida IFAS Extension - Papaya, papaya - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), papaya - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [24] The roots can also be severely and rapidly infected, causing the plant to brown and wilt away, collapsing within days. La planta de la papaya es un árbol siempreverde con un solo tallo delgado que oscila entre los 8 y los 30 centímetros de diámetro, y sin ramas, a menos que la corteza sea dañada. [10], Native to Mexico and northern South America,[1][5][6] papaya has become naturalized throughout the Caribbean Islands, Florida, Texas, California, Hawaii, and other tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Se puede ver el polen dorado (9) sobre las anteras. In a 100-g amount, papaya fruit provides 43 kilocalories and is a significant source of vitamin C (75% of the Daily Value, DV) and a moderate source of folate (10% DV), but otherwise has low content of nutrients (see table). The papaya (/pəˈpaɪə/, US: /pəˈpɑːjə/) (from Carib via Spanish), papaw, (/pəˈpɔː/[2]) or pawpaw (/ˈpɔːpɔː/[2])[3] is the plant Carica papaya, one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae. Powdery mildew is not as severe as other diseases.[25]. As of 2010, the only way to protect papaya from this virus is genetic modification. In Florida, California, and Texas, growth is generally limited to southern parts of those states. [14], Carica papaya was the first transgenic fruit tree to have its genome sequenced. Immature fruits contain an enzyme that is used in the manufacture of meat tenderizers. [5] The black seeds of the papaya are edible and have a sharp, spicy taste.[5]. [27][28] Unripe or nearly ripe papayas (with orange flesh but still hard and green) are julienned and are commonly pickled into atchara, which is ubiquitous as a side dish to salty dishes. Fruits as young as two weeks old have been spotted with dark-green ringspots about 1 inch (25 mm) in diameter. One of the biggest effects that viral infections have on papaya is the taste. Global papaya production grew significantly over the early 21st century, mainly as a result of increased production in India and demand by the United States. jorge llumitaxi dice: 28 abril, 2015 a las 22:16 . There, the eggs developed into flies in three stages called instars. The plant is crowned by deeply lobed leaves, sometimes 60 cm (2 feet) across, borne on hollow petioles (leaf stalks) 60 cm long. A genetically modified (GMO) variety named the Rainbow papaya was developed in the early 2000s with resistance to the virus. [26], The unripe green fruit can be eaten cooked, but not raw due to its poisonous latex content. In Brazil, the unripe fruits are often used to make sweets or preserves. Papaya skin, pulp, and seeds contain a variety of phytochemicals, including carotenoids and polyphenols,[34] as well as benzyl isothiocyanates and benzyl glucosinates, with skin and pulp levels that increase during ripening. Their development is rapid, with fruit being produced before the end of the first year. El cultivo de papaya2 1. [5], Papaya releases a latex fluid when not ripe, possibly causing irritation and an allergic reaction in some people. [35] Papaya seeds also contain the cyanogenic substance prunasin. Hola compre una planta de papaya pero esta creciendo muy alta, da flor pero la tira, me gustaria saber si puedo cortarla por la mitad para hacerla mas bajita, por que ademas el tronco es muy delgadito o que seria lo mejor gracias. The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne. La Carica papaya (nombre botánico) es un árbol oriundo de Centroamérica. The large-fruited, red-fleshed 'Maradol', 'Sunrise', and 'Caribbean Red' papayas often sold in U.S. markets are commonly grown in Mexico and Belize. La papaya es una planta herbácea, de cre-cimiento rápido y de vida cor ta. The modifications were made by University of Hawaii scientists, who made the modified seeds available to farmers without charge. [6] Papayas are dioecious. The first instar has well-developed legs and is the only mobile immature life stage. Tiny, light yellow spots begin on the lower surfaces of the leaf as the disease starts to make its way. Hola,estoy pensando en instalar una pequeña planta de biomasa para producir electricidad y vender la produccion a alguna compañia electrica.He visto en la web una que tan solo necesita un minimo de 120m2,el combustible seria materia organica vegetal que en esta zona es muy abundante,no se si se pueden poner fabricantes o marcas en el foro,si alguien quiere saber de esta planta se la paso … The infection usually appears at the upper leaf surface as white fungal growth. The leaves are large, 50–70 cm (20–28 in) in diameter, deeply palmately lobed, with seven lobes. The spots become sunken, turn brown or black, and may get bigger. Lideres en el sector de la papaya. Una de las principales limitantes para el cultivo de papaya son las enfermedades causadas por hongos, virus, bacterias y nematodos. Two kinds of papayas are commonly grown. Papayas are usually grown from seed. [16][17] As of 2010, 80% of Hawaiian papaya plants were genetically modified. We are official distributors for Europe of Caribbean Seeds . Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The spots enlarge and white powdery growth appears on the leaves. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. ... una pequeña familia de dicotiledóneas: Carica-ceae, la cual consta de seis géneros y 35 espe- The female flowers have a superior ovary and five contorted petals loosely connected at the base. Female flowers and immature fruit of the papaya (. Las hojas son grandes de unos 20-40 centímetros de diámetro con 7 lóbulos palmeados. The fruit ends up being soft and having an off flavor because the fungus grows into the fruit. [21], Papaya ringspot virus is a well-known virus within plants in Florida. [18][19], In 2018, global production of papayas was 13.3 million tonnes, led by India with 45% of the world total (table). [24], The two-spotted spider mite is a 0.5-mm-long brown or orange-red or a green, greenish-yellow translucent oval pest. They all have needle-like piercing-sucking mouthparts and feed by piercing the plant tissue with their mouthparts, usually on the underside of the plant. The difference between the ringspot and the mosaic viruses is the ripe fruit in the ringspot has mottling of colors and mosaic does not. The unripe fruit can be cooked like squash. Description. Omissions? La papaya es un pequeño árbol de rama escasa con un solo tallo que crece entre 5 y 10 metros. [6][8][9], The fruit is a large berry that is generally spherical or cylinder in form and about 15–45 cm (5.9–17.7 in) long and 10–30 cm (3.9–11.8 in) in diameter. The ringspots are circular, C-shaped markings that are a darker green than the fruit. It is a popular breakfast fruit in many countries and is also used in salads, pies, sherbets, juices, and confections. [5], The papaya is a small, sparsely branched tree, usually with a single stem growing from 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk. The spots on established plants start out as white, water-soaked lesions at the fruit and branch scars. El cultivo de la papaya (Carica papaya L.) es uno de los frutales más importantes en las regiones tropicales y subtropicales del mundo. The more severely affected leaves are irregular and linear in shape. El árbol de la papaya . The crawlers insert their mouthparts in the lower surfaces of the leaf when they find it suitable and usually do not move again in this stage. The larvae of these flies then consume the fruit to gain nutrients until they can proceed into the pupal stage.
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